Barry vd. Heuvel has an in-depth tutorial on the difference between Laravel Blade and Twig.
Both Blade and Twig provide the most important features; template inheritance, sections, escaping output and clean syntax. Blade provides a fast and simple syntax, but doesn’t add (much) extra functionality. Twig takes it a step further and adds an extra layer to provide more security and added features. The choice mostly depends on your personal preference. If you mostly develop for Laravel, Blade would probably be good. If you also use a lot of other frameworks, Twig might be a better fit.